What is a Sacrament?

Christ is the sacrament of the invisible God-a sacrament that indicates presence. God  with us.”
St John Paul II

The Latin word sacramentum means "a sign of the sacred." The sacraments point to what is sacred, significant and important for Christians. They are special occasions for experiencing God's saving presence. That is what theologians mean when they say that sacraments are at the same time signs and instruments of God's grace. There are seven sacraments; baptism, confirmation and Eucharist are sacraments of initiation. Reconciliation and the Sacrament of the Sick are sacraments of healing. Marriage and Holy Orders are sacraments of vocation.  They were instituted by Christ and given to the Church to administer. They are necessary for salvation.